Juvenile SUPERVISION 

The Welfare and Institutions Code (WIC) contains the laws, rules and regulations pertaining to juveniles. The prominent difference between the following types of probation is non-wardship vs wardship. 

FORMAL PROBATION WITH WARDSHIP PER WIC 725(b)
Wardship Probation means that the Court has jurisdiction over the minor as if the Court was the minor's parent and  that the Court imposes a series of terms and conditions that must be followed in order to successfully terminate the probation term.

FORMAL PROBATION WITHOUT WARDSHIP PER WIC 725(a)
Non-wardship probation does not allow the Probation Department to remove the juvenile from their home and means that the Court imposes a series of terms and conditions that must be followed in order to successfully terminate the probation term.

DEFERRED ENTRY OF JUDGEMENT (DEJ) PER WIC 790
Deferred Entry of Judgement means that the Court has found that the juvenile did in fact commit a felony and places him on probation. However, the juvenile must meet certain criteria before they can be placed on this type of probation.
  • The juvenile has not previously been declared a ward of the court and the pending matter is the first felony conviction.
  • The offense charged is not one of the 707b offenses.
  • The juvenile has not been sentenced to the California youth authority (i.e. juvenile prison not to be confused with juvenile hall).
  • The juvenile is at least 14 years of age at the time of the hearing.
  • The juvenile’s record does not indicate that probation has ever been revoked without being completed.
  • The juvenile is eligible for probation pursuant to Section 1203.6 PC.
INFORMAL PROBATION PER WIC 654
This is a diversion program where the Probation Officer has determined that the juvenile may benefit from the services. This is a voluntary contract between the probation officer, the juvenile and the parents/guardians only. The juvenile may be placed on informal probation for up to six months. If the juvenile successfully terminates this program, the case is then closed. If the juvenile unsuccessfully terminates this program, the Probation Department then makes a referral to the District Attorney’s office for a formal petition to the Juvenile Court.

INFORMAL PROBATION PER WIC 654.2
This is a Court ordered diversion program. This means that the District Attorney’s Office has filed a formal petition with the Juvenile Court. However, the Court has decided that instead of sentencing the juvenile, the case is placed on hold to allow the juvenile to participate in a six month diversion program with the Probation Department. If the juvenile successfully completes the program, the Court dismisses the alleged charges and the case is closed. If the juvenile fails to successfully complete the program, then the Court finds the juvenile did violate the law and gives the juvenile a sentence.