COVID-19 Terminology

Note: these definitions are specific to terminology used for COVID-19. 

Community Spread - refers to the spread of a contagious disease to individuals in a particular geographic location who have no known contact with other infected individuals or who have not recently traveled to an area where the disease has any documented cases.

Containment - refers to keeping the virus outside of our community. Zero cases means we are in containment. 

Contract Tracing - the practice of identifying and monitoring individuals who may have had contact with an infectious person as a means of controlling the spread of a communicable disease.

Coronavirus -the broader name for the family of viruses that includes COVID-19

COVID-19 - name for new coronavirus, an abbreviated form of coronavirus disease 2019.

Index Case - the first documented case of an infectious disease or genetically transmitted condition or mutation in a population, region, or family.

Index Patient - an individual affected with the first known case of an infectious disease or genetically transmitted condition or mutation in a population, region, or family

Mitigation - being in "mitigation" means the county has confirmed community transmission and now its purpose is to keep it from spreading further.

Self Quarantine - to refrain from any contact with other individuals for a period of time (such as two weeks) during the outbreak of a contagious disease usually by remaining in one's home and limiting contact with family members.

Social Distancing - means remaining out of congregate settings, avoiding mass gatherings, and maintaining distance (approximately 6 feet) from others when possible to reduce the spread of a contagious disease.

Surge - to rise and fall actively. When is Surge, it would mean the county is overrun with cases and it has exhausted our healthcare capacity.